It was this man who wrote the ground-breaking Civil Disobedience essay, which went on to inspire people like Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. We will learn about funny incidences in his life and why people his neighbors used to call him a rascal. Just like many American great men during or before his time, Thoreau also lived a poor life but eventually went on to embrace minimalism and transcendentalism.
So, instead of wasting time any further, let us begin with our list. Concord, Massachusetts born, Henry David Thoreau hailed from a poor family. His birth date was 12th of July, His father, John Thoreau, owned a local factory producing pencils and his mother, Cynthia Dunbarhad, used to rent out rooms of their house for boarders. He was an average student at Concord Academy.
Despite being average, he got into Harvard College now Harvard University in He was termed as an individualist since then. He graduated in a few sources say that illness forced him to stay out of school for some time. He then entered teaching profession. He was teacher in a town school for a brief time. John Thoreau Jr. Henry then gave private teaching a try but failed. But he was quite successful as a writer. He started writing a journal in After his death when it was published, it came to a whopping 14 volumes. He met Ralph Waldo Emerson after he graduated from college.
Emerson was a very good friend of Thoreau and hence, whenever Thoreau had problems, Emerson would do his best to support him. The job was at Staten Island, New York. Emerson purposefully looked for that job because Emerson wanted Thoreau to be as close to New York City literary market as possible. The plan failed and Emerson was not at fault. In , Emerson again invited Thoreau to his home and offered him to stay with his family. In the mean time, Emerson went to Europe.
But mostly he used to live in his home and stay in his room. He wrote about how minimal living is sufficient and useful for humans in that book. This book was printed in year The success of the book was modest at the beginning but reached a bigger audience way later. Emerson was the editor of the magazine. The reason for writing this essay was that he had to spend 1 night in jail after he refused to pay the poll tax.
He also raised his voice against Federal government, protesting against war with Mexico. Little did he know then that this essay would empower men like Martin Luther King Jr. He said that if a man feels that a law is unjust, then he can go against that law, but only if he has guts to face the consequences of going against the law.go
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All these books were published after his death. This book was mix of everything — poetry, essays, philosophy but the base idea behind this book were the two excursions that he enjoyed with his brother.
He was an abolitionist that he went against slavery. He was against American-Mexican war but he said nothing when it came to Civil War. He actually welcomed Civil War. He was a Transcendentalist. Cultures in Conversation. New York: Routledge.
Deloria, V. Spirit and Reason. Colorado: Fulcrum Pub. Emerson, R. John Elder. Boston: Beacon Press. Fisher, Andy. Radical Ecopsychology: Psychology in the Service of Life. Friskics, S. Dialogic relations with nature.
Environmental Ethics, 23 4 , — Greenway, R. The wilderness effect and ecopsychology. Roszak, M. Kanner Eds. Griffin, S. Woman and Nature: The Roaring inside Her. Hanh, T. The Heart of Understanding. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press. Hogan, L. New York: Touchstone. Kaza, S. The Attentive Heart: Conversations with Trees. Keller, E.
A Feeling for the Organism. New York: W. Levy, R.
Martin, C. In the Spirit of the Earth. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. Maxcy, D. Meaning in nature: Rhetoric, phenomenology, and the question of environmental value.
The Language That All Things Speak: Thoreau and the Voice of Nature
Philosophy and Rhetoric, 24 4 , — Milstein, T. Rezendes, P. The Wild Within. New York: Berkeley Books. Richardson, R.